- Diabetic Retinopathy
- Macular Degeneration
Comprehensive eye exams are also provided for both children and adults. See the guidelines below on how often you and your family should be seen by a medically trained eye care professional.
Guidelines for Eye Exams
The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends the following exam schedules for people at risk for eye problems, including children and adults:
A Pediatrician, Family Physician, Nurse Practitioner or Physician’s Assistant should screen a newborn’s eyes for general health in the nursery. By six months of age, all infants’ eyes should be screened by a (Ophthalmologist, Primary Care Provider, Family Physician, Pediatrician) or a trained screener. An infant should receive a comprehensive eye examination whenever there are questions about his or her eye health. No infant is too young for an eye examination.
Before Age 5
Since it is possible for your child to have a serious vision problem without being aware of it. Your child should have his or her eyes screened at ages three and five by an eye care professional, physician or a screener, for eye conditions such as:
- Strabismus (crossed eyes)
- Amblyopia (lazy eye)
- Ptosis (drooping of the upper eyelid)
- Refractive errors (nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism)
Age 5 to 19
To ensure your child’s or teenager’s eyes remain healthy, he or she should have his or her eyes screened every one to two years during regular check-up appointments.
Age 20 to 39
Most young people have healthy eyes, but still need to take care of their vision by wearing protective eyewear when working in dangerous areas, playing sports, doing woodwork or yard work, working with chemicals or taking part in other activities that could result in an eye injury. Have a complete eye exam by an eye doctor at least once between the ages of 20 and 29 and at least twice between the ages of 30 and 39.
Individuals at Risk
Certain individuals may be at greater risk for eye problems and may need to see an eye doctor (ophthalmologist) more often than recommended if they have the following risk factors:
- A family history of eye problems
- Are an African American over age 40
- Have diabetes
- A personal history of eye injury that required medical or surgical care
You should also be aware of symptoms that could point to a problem. See an eye doctor right away if you experience any eye problems such as:
- Visual changes or pain
- Flashes of light
- Seeing spots or ghost like images
- Dark spot appears in vision
- Lines and edges appear distorted or wavy
- Dry eyes with itching and burning